In the history of mathematics, one of the highly esteemed work of all time was his Elements. This division was renamed the golden section in the Renaissance after artists and architects rediscovered its pleasing proportions.
Alexander Fleming — Leeuwenhoek is considered the father of microbiology for his work in discovering single-celled organisms and also observing muscle fibres, blood flow and bacteria. Emil Fischer — — German. Won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in for his research into the chemical composition of purines and sugars.
A founding father of the USA, Franklin shaped our understanding of electricity, coined the electrical terms positive and negative, and invented the lightning rod and bifocal spectacles.
For his subject matter Euclid doubtless drew upon all his predecessors, but it is clear that the whole design of his work was his own, culminating in the construction of the five regular solids, now known as the Platonic solids.
About Famous Scientists Biographies of famous scientists throughout the ages.
An ancient theory of natural selection; mass conservation; and the theory of four elements now often misattributed to Aristotle. The odometer was described as a cart with a gear mechanism that dropped a ball into a container after each mile traveled.
Four lost works in geometry are described in Greek sources and attributed to Euclid.
Won Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Photoelectric effect, which formed the basis of Quantum Theory. This is the Archimedean property of real numbers.
Michel Chasles — conjectured that the work contained propositions belonging to the modern theory of transversals and to projective geometry. Again some charring occurred, along with a small amount of flame.
When the mirrors were focused accurately, the ship burst into flames within a few seconds. Ronald Fisher — Archimedes is known, from references of later authors, to have written a number of other works that have not survived. His pioneering techniques of health care significantly improved survival rates, and he has become the father of modern medicine.
For instance, Book VII describes a method, antanaresis now known as the Euclidean algorithmfor finding the greatest common divisor of two or more numbers; Book VIII examines numbers in continued proportions, now known as geometric sequences such as ax, ax2, ax3, ax4… ; and Book IX proves that there are an infinite number of primes.
There have been modern experiments to test the feasibility of the claw, and in a television documentary entitled Superweapons of the Ancient World built a version of the claw and concluded that it was a workable device.
For practical purposes water is incompressible,  so the submerged crown would displace an amount of water equal to its own volume.
Kepler is best known for his laws of planetary motion. The things that are seen at a greater angle appear greater and vice versa. Pappus of Alexandria stated that Archimedes had written a manuscript now lost on the construction of these mechanisms entitled On Sphere-Making.
Since a ship of this size would leak a considerable amount of water through the hull, the Archimedes' screw was purportedly developed in order to remove the bilge water. Legacy Almost from the time of its writing, the Elements exerted a continuous and major influence on human affairs.
MythBusters also pointed out that conventional weaponry, such as flaming arrows or bolts from a catapult, would have been a far easier way of setting a ship on fire at short distances.
General Marcellus of the Roman arm force demanded to see Archimedes and sent a Roman soldier to bring him. The Greek writer Athenaeus of Naucratis described how King Hiero II commissioned Archimedes to design a huge ship, the Syracusiawhich could be used for luxury travel, carrying supplies, and as a naval warship.
A mathematician is an expert in the field of mathematics; a person who is highly skilled and knowledgeable. On Floating Bodies in two books survives only partly in Greek, the rest in medieval Latin translation from the Greek.
These scientists work in the fields of pure and applied mathematics. In On the Sphere and CylinderArchimedes postulates that any magnitude when added to itself enough times will exceed any given magnitude.
Modern research in this area has been focused on the Antikythera mechanismanother device built c. The information was collected through Archimedes book, The Sand Reckoner. In it Archimedes determines the different positions of stability that a right paraboloid of revolution assumes when floating in a fluid of greater specific gravityaccording to geometric and hydrostatic variations.Euclid: The most prominent mathematician of Greco-Roman antiquity, best known for his geometry book, the Elements.
Archimedes of Syracuse (c. BC – c. BC) contributed a lot to many different academic categories; hence he can easily be categorized as a mathematician, physicist, inventor, engineer and astronomer.
Archimedes ( B.C – ) Mathematician, scientist and inventor. Archimedes made many contributions to mathematics, such as a calculation of pi, geometrical theorems and developing a concept of exponentiation for very large numbers. Euclid (/ ˈ juː k l ɪ d /; Ancient Greek: Εὐκλείδης – Eukleídēs, pronounced [kaleiseminari.coměː.dɛːs]; fl.
BC), sometimes given the name Euclid of Alexandria to distinguish him from Euclides of Megara, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "founder of geometry" or the "father of geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I.
Kids learn about the biography of famous Greek mathematician and inventor Archimedes including his early life, working for the king, defending the city of Syracuse with his inventions, death, and fun facts.
Archimedes was possibly the world's greatest scientist — at least the greatest in the classical age. He was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor and engineer.Download